A sprained ankle is defined as an injury that occurred while rolling, twisting, or turning your ankle in an awkward position. That can tear or stretch the tough bands of tissue, known as ligaments. These ligaments help in holding your ankle bones together.
Ligaments help the joints to stabilize, preventing them from excessive movement. A sprained ankle occurs when these ligaments are forced to move beyond their normal range. Mostly, sprained ankles have injuries to the ligaments on the outer region of the ankle.
Treatment may depend on the severity of the injury that occurred. Although over-the-counter pain medication and self-care measures may be all your required, sometimes, getting help from a medical practitioner may be needed to reveal how worse you've sprained your ankle and also to determine the exact treatment.
Causes of ankle sprain
Your ankle can turn unexpectedly because of many different activities, such as:
- Walking on an uneven surface
- Falling down
- Participating in outdoor sports that require cutting or rolling and twisting foot actions—such as cricket, running, basketball, tennis, badminton, football, soccer, etc.
- During sports activities, someone else may accidentally step on your foot while running, causing your foot to twist or roll to the side.
Symptoms of a sprained ankle
A sprained ankle is very painful. Other symptoms may include:
- Tenderness to touch
- Restricted range of motion
- Instability of the ankle
- Popping sensation at the time of injury
The ligaments may have severe tearing if you hear or feel a "pop" when the sprain happens. Symptoms of a severe sprain may be similar to the fractured bone and are require prompt medical attention.
Grades of ankle sprain
After the examination, your medical consultant will determine the grade of your sprain. Then, your treatment plan will be based on the damage that has occurred to the ligament.
Grade 1 Sprain (Mild)
- When ligaments slight stretched and tore very little (microscopic)
- Mild tenderness and swelling around the ankle
Grade 2 Sprain (Moderate)
- Partial tearing of the ligament
- Moderate tenderness, swelling, bruising around the ankle
- An abnormal looseness of the ankle joint is observed while moving the ankle by the doctor
Grade 3 Sprain (Severe)
- Complete tear of the ligament
- Significant tenderness, swelling, bruising around the ankle
- If substantial instability occurs, when the doctor pulls or pushes on the ankle joint in certain movements
How to treat a sprained ankle
Almost all the grades of a sprained ankle can be treated without surgery. Even a grade 3 sprain can heal without surgery if it is immobilized appropriately.
We have differentiated into a three-phase program guiding treatment for all ankle sprains—from mild to severe:
Phase 1 includes resting, protecting the ankle by apply Nyuayush fast-acting pain relief oil on your muscle strain and reducing the swelling by wrapping the affected area with an elastic bandage or a piece of cotton clothes.
Phase 2 includes restoring motion, strength, and flexibility gradually.
Phase 3 includes maintenance exercises and the gradual return to activities such as running, any sports, exercises that do not require turning or twisting the ankle.
This three-phase treatment program may take just ten days to complete for minor sprains or up to 3 to 4 months for more severe injuries.
Risk factors for ankle sprain
Factors that may increase the risk of a sprained ankle are:
Sports participation. It is common to get ankle sprains while you are a sporty person. It is a common sports injury, particularly in sports or any exercises that require jumping, twisting, rolling, or cutting the foot, such as football, cricket, hockey, running, aerobics, gyms, etc.
Uneven surfaces. Walking or running on uneven surfaces may increase the risk of an ankle sprain.
Prior ankle injury. Once you've already sprained your ankle or are in recovering stage, you're more likely to sprain it again.
Poor physical condition. When participating in exercises or sports, poor flexibility or strength in the ankles may increase the risk of a sprain.
Improper shoes. Shoes that don't fit properly or high-heeled shoes or shoes that aren't appropriate for an activity make ankles more vulnerable to injury.
Preventing sprained ankles
Here are the tips that can help you prevent a sprained/ recurring sprained ankle:
- Warm-up prior you exercise or play sports.
- Be careful when walking, running, or working on an uneven surface.
- Use an ankle support brace or tape on a weak or previously injured ankle.
- Wear well-fitted and appropriate shoes for your activity.
- Reduce wearing high-heeled shoes.
- Don't play sports or participate in activities for which you are not conditioned.
- Maintain good muscle strength and flexibility.
- Practice stability training, including balance exercises.
If you or your loved one has an ankle sprain that disrupts everyday activities, then switch to 100% natural Nyucel Wellness Nyuayush Fast Acting Pain Relief Oil. It has powerful pain-relieving and anti-inflammatory goodness that gives long-lasting relief from your ankle sprain.